When the skin appears oily and flaky, as in the case of seborrheic dermatitis, the first reaction would be to clean it thoroughly to remove the annoying and embarrassing excess sebum that covers it. Frequently washing your hair to eliminate excess dandruff is also a wrong and counterproductive attitude. An aggressive and frequent cleaning action, in fact, would cause excessive sebum production, further increasing the greasy appearance and dandruff on the scalp. Therefore, it is better to wash with the right frequency, using delicate detergents and emollients that respect the natural defenses of the skin and scalp.

DEFENDING THE "HYDROLIPIDIC MANTLE" FROM DESQUAMATION - This is the name of the natural barrier, composed of sebum and water, which the skin covers to protect itself from attack by external agents. This is why it is important to defend it, including through proper personal hygiene - that is, cleansing and hydration - that does not damage the cell layer of the skin. One of the first signs that something is wrong with the 'hydrolipidic mantle' is the appearance of areas with flaking, one of the main characteristics of seborrheic dermatitis. The causes that can induce the skin and scalp to change its appearance and tissue consistency are different: alterations in the immune defenses, genetic predisposition, hormonal changes, neurological diseases, inappropriate hygiene and the use of detergents or lotions that irritate the skin. Effective cleansing that also preserves the integrity of the skin is essential for all skin types, especially if it is affected by seborrheic dermatitis. There are some golden rules to follow in order to relieve the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis and, at the same time, keep the skin's natural defenses intact:

USE LITTLE AGGRESSIVE DETERGENTS - The skin must always be treated delicately, especially if it is affected by some chronic, inflammatory and irritative disorder such as seborrheic dermatitis. Better to prune for the use of neutral detergent products (pH = between 5 and 6), preferably based on glycerin, silk proteins or collagen and exclude all those solutions containing detergent and degreasing substances (SLES, SLS, PEG, EDTA, Parabens and Petrolates) which further increase the irritation already caused by seborrheic dermatitis. The daily use of delicate and specific detergents for the problem of flaking and oily skin is a remedy to counteract and prevent the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis.

RINSE ABUNDANTLY - Water also has its importance. The skin, after using suitable cleansers, should be rinsed thoroughly with running water and soft, that is, poor in limescale residues. If you live in an area where the water is 'hard', that is rich in mineral salts, it is best to rinse off using low mineral content water to avoid drying or further irritating the skin.

LET'S BE BEAUTIFUL BY RESPECTING THE SKIN! - A little makeup always makes a woman feel at ease and more in place with herself. Even if the skin is affected by seborrheic dermatitis it is possible to apply make-up, as long as it respects the characteristics and needs of the skin. It is better to choose branded cosmetics, because they are dermatologically tested, however first applying small amounts of the product to one part of the face to see if irritation or an allergic reaction appears that would worsen the condition of the skin already affected by seborrheic dermatitis. In case of skin irritation on which you have applied the amount of product, the use of the cosmetic must be suspended. Furthermore, it is always necessary to check that cosmetics do not contain substances that favor the formation of comedones and blackheads, such as particular emulsions, dyes, preservatives, sunscreens and excipients. The skin must be protected both above and under the make-up. To create the right protective film, it is good to resort to the application of light bases such as moisturizers in aqueous solution, gel, based on proteins, glycosaminoglycans, collagen, elastin and free of fat components. On top of the make-up, however, it may be useful to apply powder, in powder or compact form, which helps to absorb greasiness and make the skin more opaque. It is important to remember to remove make-up in the evening, using a cleansing milk that respects the acid pH of the skin and the hydrolipidic mantle, preferably already formulated for oily skin and easy to rinse. REMEMBER

TO NOURISH AND MOISTURIZE THE SKIN - The word 'nutrition' often refers to creams with a mostly oily component. Then it is best to start nourishing the skin from the inside with a healthy diet that your dermatologist, nutritionist or specialist can recommend. On skin that is visibly better, the effect of any cosmetic remedy will be better, even for skin with seborrheic dermatitis. Good skin hydration also starts from the inside. Therefore, it is essential to make sure you drink at least 1.5-2 liters of water per day, excluding sugary drinks, alcohol and coffee which can alter the composition of sebum and worsen the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis. If you are looking for a product with a protective and preventive action for seborrheic dermatitis, you can resort to the use of masks based on phospholipids, which are among the main constituents of cell membranes, to help restore the sebaceous balance of the skin.

TAKE CARE OF YOUR SKIN EVEN AT NIGHT - The seborrheic skin at night should be allowed to breathe, without applying anything to its surface. However, in case of irritation, it is possible to make compresses of chamomile and mallow, or to resort to soothing emulsions based on witch hazel, burdock, aloe, alfaisabolol and azulene. From time to time, clay masks can be used, which can have a tightening and calming action on the skin. Instead, beware of antiseptic lotions containing disinfectants and comedogenic or sensitizing substances. ALSO FOR HIM - Seborrheic dermatitis is not only a female problem but also affects the daily life of men. If the lesions are mainly located on the face, shaving and shaving can pose a risk of further skin irritation. So, what to choose in the morning between an electric razor and a razor blade? Experts recommend the razor blade, because it avoids putting the skin in contact with the heat produced by the electric razor, an additional source of stress for skin irritated due to seborrheic dermatitis.